Augusta (also known as Augusta-Richmond County) is a consolidated city in the U.S. state of Georgia. The city of Augusta and Richmond County governments merged operations in 1996; as of 2008, the Augusta-Richmond County estimated population was 195,182, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibah and Blythe.
Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta-Richmond County Metropolitan Statistical Area, which as of 2008 had an estimated population of 534,218. Augusta is thus the second largest city in Georgia and the second-largest metro area in the state after Atlanta, as well as the 113th largest city in the U.S. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring, and for being the hometown of funk/soul singer James Brown.
Augusta was first used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of Augusta’s location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops on a journey up the Savannah River. He gave them an order to build at the head of the navigable part of the river. The job fell into the hands of Noble Jones, who created the settlement to provide a first line of defense against the Spanish and the French. Oglethorpe then named the town Augusta, in honor of Princess Augusta Of Saxe-Gotha The Princess Of Wales, daughter-in-law of King George II of Great Britain and mother of King George III of Great Britain. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795 (alternating for a period with Savannah, the first).
In recent years, Augusta has become a center of medicine, biotechnology, and military. The Medical College of Georgia- Georgia Regents University, the state’s only public health sciences graduate university, employs over 7,000 people. Along with University Hospital, the Medical District of Augusta employs over 25,000 people and has an economic impact of over $1.8 billion.
Along with the Medical College of Georgia- Georgia Regents University, the city’s three largest employers include the Savannah River Site (a Department of Energy nuclear facility) and the U.S. Army Signal Center at Fort Gordon.
Companies that have facilities, headquarters or distribution centers in Augusta include Electrolux (US headquarters), CareSouth, T-Mobile, Solo Cup Company, Automatic Data Processing, International Paper, NutraSweet, Teleperformance, E-Z-GO, Elanco, Club Car (Worldwide Headquarters), John Deere, Procter & Gamble, Kellogg’s, Delta Air Lines baggage call center , and upstart clothing company Whitewear founded by Augusta native Stacy B. White.
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